China Watch is an academic platform where scholars at Fudan University and the University of California launch the following series of academic reports to examine China's domestic and international issues.
Making Sense of China’s Growth Model
By ZHANG Jun, Professor/Director, Center on China Economy, Fudan University
Summary: After fast development in the last three decades, China’s growth model is now widely agreed to be exhausted. The author points that some of Asia’s most dynamic economies – including China, Japan, and the four tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) – have experienced investment-propelled growth and improvements in TFP simultaneously can be explained by the fact that TFP gains increase investment returns, accelerating capital expansion further. Read More.
Li Keqiang’s Bottom Line
By Zhang Jun, Professor of Economics and Director of the China Center for Economic Studies at Fudan University, Shanghai
Summary: China's economy is going through a "crucial" stage of restructuring. The author points that Mr. Li Keqiang - the country's Premier recognizes the trend of China’s economic slowdown actually be beneficial, spurring the structural reforms that China needs to achieve its longer-term goal of more balanced and stable GDP growth. Read More.
Chinese Globalization: A Profile of People-Based Global Connections in China
By Jiaming Sun, Scott Lancaster
Summary: Through use of ethnographic data and historical documents, "Chinese Globalization" takes on a micro-level perspective in illustrating the transnational and global ties that have transformed China at the local level. While previous globalization literature tends to be dominated by macro-level studies, this book aims to redress this deficiency by taking a micro-level relational approach in examining how different types of people-based global connections in China influence individual values, attitudes and behaviors that make up the crucial outcomes of local transformation.
ChinaKai-ya Wu, Xin-yue Ye, Zhi-fang Qi, and Hao Zhang
China’s unprecedented economic growth and remarkable social restructuring since 1978 has led to accelerated urban expansion. Unfortunately, only 26% of the land in China is suitable for urban development. In this transition from agricultural to industrial society, large areas of land and water have been used in new ways that lead to environmental pollution, deterioration, and economic loss. This study aims to quantitatively examine the relationship between the changes in ecosystem services valuation and the sustainability of the ecosystem. The goal is to uncover policy implications in sustainable land development for a number of cities in the Yangtze River Basin and in other similar locales. Read more.
Qin Zhu, Xizhe Peng, and Kaiya Wu
In the wake of residential energy consumption outpacing that of industrial sectors in some developed countries, researchers have come to realize that a new growing source of carbon emission may come from residential energy consumption. Based on the input-output model and the comparable price input-output tables, this paper investigates indirect carbon emission from residential consumption in China from 1992-2005 using the structural decomposition method. Results from this study indicate that the rise of China’s residential consumption level played a dominant role in the growth of residential indirect emissions. Read more.
Qin Zhu, Xizhe Peng
This study examines the impact of population size, population structure, and consumption level on carbon emissions in China from 1978 to 2008. Results reveal that changes in consumption level and population structure, rather than population size, were the major impact factors. Households, rather than individuals, are more reasonable explanations for the demographic impact of carbon emissions. Read more.
The Opening Ceremony at the 2013 Shanghai Forum, one of China’s top international academic forums, was held on May 25 at the Shanghai International Convention Center. Focusing on the topic of Asia’s Wisdom: Seeking Harmonious Development in Diversity, this year’s forum brings together more than 500 prominent guests with interests rooted in politics, business and academic pursuits. These esteemed guests come together to contribute their knowledge and suggestions toward the economic and social development of not only Shanghai, but also China and Asia as a whole, as well as toward other nations all over the world. Their voices come together as a unified force in Asia, aspiring to implement a pluralistic vision in hopes of developing a more harmonious Asian society that can serve as a model for other economies and societies around the world.
FAN Lizhu and CHEN Na
Many scholars have observed that religion and spirituality are resurgent around the world. Contrary to the predictions of sociologists and other scholars that modern society will eventually become completely secularized, it appears as if human beings are becoming more and more engaged in a wide range of religious and/or spiritual experiences, disciplines, beliefs, practices, etc. that were virtually unimaginable two decades ago. In this article, FAN and CHEN seek to provide evidence that traditional folk religions are involved in this revitalization. FAN and CHEN focus on the People’s Republic of China as an extended case study of the widespread return of religion and spirituality around the world. The discussion is based on findings from research conducted in rural and urban China. Read more.
Richard MADSEN, UC San Diego
One of the biggest surprises of the Reform Era has been a resurgence of religious activity in almost all areas of Chinese life. Religion had been heavily restricted since the beginnings of the People’s Republic, and then severely attacked during the Cultural Revolution. Secular intellectuals, both in China and the West, were in agreement that China’s modernization would inevitably bring about secularization, that is, a general decline in religious belief and practice. Yet, once policies toward religion were partially loosened, and once the market economy gave Chinese people increasing practical freedom of expression and association, religious activity began to sprout up everywhere. The growth religious practices have been continuous and it shows no signs of stopping. In this article, Professor Madsen discusses how and why religion in China is rising from its deep roots, despite official restrictions and perceived secularization in China. Read more.
SHEN Dingli, Fudan University
On April 13, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry paid his first visit to China. The nuclear activities in North Korea and the threats of cyber-terrorism in Iran were at the of top of Kerry’s discussion agenda. While the U.S. and China share mutual concerns over North Korea and Iran, China is also worried that America's plans to rebalance its power in Asia may interfere with or even curtail what China views as its legitimate maritime rights in Taiwan and Japan. In this article, SHEN Dingli, Vice Dean of the Institute of International Affairs at Fudan University discusses how Kerry should position himself to strengthen Sino-U.S. cooperation. Read more.
Barry Naughton, IR/PS Professor and Sokwanlok Chair of Chinese International Affairs
February 20, 2013 | Event Summary of IR/PS Dean's Roundtable Lecture Series
Professor Barry Naughton spent the fall term as a Visiting Scholar at the School of Public Policy and Management at Tsinghua University, which served as a platform to observe a rapidly changing Chinese society. In the roundtable talk, Naughton shared his insights into a leading university's struggle to adapt global standards. In addition, he discussed China’s new political leaders, Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang, who ascended to power during the 18th Party Congress in November and the struggle that new leadership faces as they try to define a coherent program of economic reform and national revitalization. Read more.
PENG Xizhe, Fudan University
On April 28, 2011, China’s state statistics bureau released its first report on the country’s 2010 population census. The report states that the total population of mainland China reached 1.3397 billion in 2010, with an annual average population growth rate of 0.57% during the previous 10 years. The share of the total population aged 0 to 14 declined from 22.9% in 2000 to 16.6% in 2010, whereas the proportion aged 65 and above grew from 7.0% to 8.9% during the same period. This indicates that China’s population is aging rapidly. The report also shows that China is urbanizing, with nearly half of the population—665.57 million people, or 49.7%—living in urban areas. There is an increase of 13 percentage points over the 2000 figure. Moreover, about 260 million Chinese people are living away from where they are formally registered. The overwhelming majority of them (about 220 million) are rural migrants living and working in urban areas without formal urban household registration status. China is at a demographic turning point: it is changing from an agricultural society into an urban one, from a young society to an old one, and from a society attached to the land to one that is very much on the move. Read more.
Xu Yihua, Shan Weixiang
January 29, 2012 | An exclusive interview with Prof. Xu Yihua, Fudan University
At the China-US Protestant Church Leaders Forum held in Washington D.C. near the end of September, 2011, Prof. Xu Yihua impressed both Chinese and American participants with his ardent acts and sagacious speech. The following is an exclusive interview of Prof. Xu, who now works as a senior researcher at the Center for American Studies at Shanghai-based Fudan University. This interview is conducted by the Rev. Shan Weixiang, Editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Christian journal Heavenly Wind. Read more.